Ikebana traced its roots way backed to the sixth century. Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arranging. It evolved from the simple act of Buddhist offering flowers to altars. The Buddhist were said to be the pioneers of Ikebana. Throughout time, Ikebana became a popular pastime for nobles and other people belonging to the upper class in the Japanese society. There also emerged individuals who dedicated their lives in the practice of Ikebana.
Ikebana is more than the mere act of placing flowers in a container. It is considered as a disciplined art form where nature and humanity are meshed in one. It deviates from the idea that flower arrangement is a collection of monochromatic or multicolored arrangement of flowers. Instead, Ikebana stresses on the stems, leaves, and tend to give importance on shape, line and form. Despite being an art or a creative expression, Ikebana has certain rules to follow. The message or purpose that the artist is trying to convey is expressed through the flower arrangement’s natural shapes, and graceful lines.
Just like other Japanese art form, Ikebana employs minimalism. Unlike other types of arrangement, which usually comes in a bunch of flowers, Ikebana may only consist of a few blooms placed among stalks and leaves. It is based on a scalene triangle where three points signify heaven, earth and man or may be sun, moon, and earth. The container is a crucial element of any Ikebana composition.
Here are some forms of Ikebana:
Kuge. The first form of Ikebana consisting of a very minimal number of stems of blooms and evergreen branches.
Rikka. Known as a Buddhist expression of beauty of nature. It is also known as standing Toko Bunga Serpong 24 Jam consisting of seven branches each representing nature’s creation such as valleys, waterfalls and hills.
Nageire. Classic style of Ikebana. Easily identified for its triangular three-branched asymmetrical form. This arrangement can be achieved by having a narrow-mouthed, tall container. The slanted style of Nageire is best for beginners in Ikebana.
Seika. A simple design achieved by arranging three main branches representing heaven, earth and man.
Jiyuka. With this design you can do anything you like, you are not restricted to any flower or material.
Moribana. Also known as upright style. This form is considered to be the simplest Ikebana structure.